Prunus hortulana Bailey

  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Common names: wild plum, hortulan plum

    Small tree to 6 m (20 ft) tall and 15 cm (6 in) diameter. Bark thin, scaly, dark brown. Twigs thick, stiff, glabrous, dark red-brown, sometimes ending in a spine. Buds very small, scaly, light brown, with no end bud. Leaves narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 7-11 cm (2.8-4.2 in) long and 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) wide, acuminate, blunt or rounded at base, finely serrate, shiny dark green above, pale green and hairy (at least on veins) below. Petioles slender, with a few gland-dots near the leaf blade. Flowers in clusters of 2-4 appearing with the leaves in early Spring, white, 13-15 mm (0.5-0.6 in) in diameter. Fruits rounded drupes 2-3 cm (0.8-1.2 in) diameter, red or yellow when ripe, edible, maturing in early Fall.

    Distribution: Native to an area from southern Ohio southwest to eastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma.
    Habitat: Moist, well-drained soil in upland forest and along streams.
    NWI status: none
    Comment: This species has been domesticated and numerous cultivars have been developed. As a result of cultivation, it has spread widely beyond its native range. Prunus is the old Latin name for the European plums; hortulana means "of gardens" and refers to domestication of the species.

    Distribution in Oklahoma:

    Last update: 9/15/99
    Go to Oklahoma Biological Survey Home Page