Celtis tenuifolia Nutt.

  • Family: Ulmaceae (elms & hackberries)
  • Common names: Georgia hackberry, dwarf hackberry
  • Synonyms: C. laevigata var. smallii, C. missisippiensis, C. occidentalis var. georgiana, C. pumila var. georgiana, C. smallii, C. tenuifolia var. georgiana , C. tenuifolia var. soperi, C. georgiana

    Shrub or small tree to 6 m (20 ft) tall. Bark gray, smooth, with corky ridges. Twigs thin, gray, usually glabrous. Buds brown, blunt, sparsely hairy. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate, 2-7.5 cm (0.8-3 in) long and 1-4 cm (0.4-1.6 in) wide, sides unequal, margins usually entire, gray-green and usually smooth above, paler and glabrous to hairy below. Fruits on stalks at leaf bases, round, 6-8 mm (about 1/4 in) in diameter, dry, sweet, with 1 large seed, ripening in Fall.

    Distribution: About the eastern third of the U. S. except for the northern border.
    Habitat: Usually the understory of hardwood forests in rocky uplands.
    NWI status: none
    Comment: This species is variable and is sometimes difficult to distinguish from other species of Celtis The fruits are eaten by squirrels and many species of birds. Celtis is a name given by Pliny to some plant with sweet berries; tenuifolia refers to the thin leaves.

    Distribution in Oklahoma:

    Last update: 9/9/99
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