Ostrya virginiana (P. Mill.) K. Koch

  • Family: Betulaceae (birch, etc.)
  • Common names: ironwood, hophornbeam, hornbeam

    Small tree to 6 m (20 ft) tall and 15 cm (6 in) diameter. Twigs slender, shiny dark brown with pointed light brown buds. Leaves alternate, ovate to elliptic, 5-13 cm (2-5 in) long and 3-5 cm (1.2-2 in) wide,glabrous above and hairy below, rounded at base, pointed at apex, doubly serrate, turning yellow in fall. Flowers catkins. Fruits conelike, 4-5 cm (1.6-2 in) long.

    Distribution: Native to eastern half of United States.
    Habitat: upland forests and well-drained bottomland forests.
    NWI status: FACU
    Comment: Ostrya is the old Greek name for the European ironwood; virginiana refers to the state of Virginia.

    Distribution in Oklahoma:

    Last update: 9/14/99
    Go to Oklahoma Biological Survey Home Page