Sideroxylon lanuginosum Michx. ssp. lanuginosum

  • Family: Sapotaceae
  • Common names: chittamwood, wooly buckthorn, gum bumelia
  • Synonyms: Bumelia lanuginosa, Bumelia rufa

    Description: Small tree to 15 m (50 ft) tall and 30 cm (1 ft) in diameter. Twigs slender, gray or rusty-hairy, often ending in a spine. Leaves 3-7 cm (1.2-2.8 in) long and 1-3 cm (0.4-1.2 in) wide, alternate but mostly clustered on short spur shoots, rounded, widest above the middle and tapering to the base, shiny-glabrous above and rusty-hairy below. Flowers small, clustered, white, blooming in early summer. Fruits elliptical, about 10 mm (0.4 in) long, purple or black, ripening in the fall.

    Distribution: The species is native to the southern U. S. from the Gulf coast west to Arizona and north to Kansas.
    Habitat: upland and floodplain forests, prairie margins.
    NWI status: FACU
    Comment: Sideroxylon refers to some property of the wood; lanuginosum refers to the wooly hairs on the under surface of the leaves.

    Distribution in Oklahoma:

    Last update: 9/20/99
    Go to Oklahoma Biological Survey Home Page